An introduction to the history and geography of chile

In summer, the fog forms higher up and farther offshore An introduction to the history and geography of chile is blown onshore by the morning sea breeze, usually dissipating by midday.

Location, Geography Climate For anyone who has ever been fascinated by geography, the long, impossibly thin line of Chile has always produced a tiny moment of astonishment.

The society developed with a small elite controlling most of the land, the wealth, and the political life. The western border is of course the Pacific Ocean, but it is a misconception to picture Chile as nothing more than the steep western slope of the Andean peaks.

As in the far north, the coastal areas of the near north have a distinct microclimate. They all share four key climatic characteristics: Here, the annual precipitation can exceed The far north is the only part of the country in which there is a large section of the Andean plateau.

It caused a tsunami that decimated several fishing villages in the south and raised or lowered sections of the coast as much as two meters.

In a region where the average rainfall is less than 0. In the far north, the kinds of fruits that grow well in the arid tropics thrive, and all kinds of vegetables can be grown year-round. The Andean alpine zone is a sixth zone that runs the full length of the country. Fuchsia lyciodes, characteristic of the coastal matorral Escallonia pulverulenta, in the coatal matorral.

An Introduction to the Geography, Climate, and Flora of Chile

The discontinuous Cordillera de la Costa runs the length of the coast, continuing as the coastal islands in the southern part of the country. The conifer Pilgerodendron uviferum is common in poorly drained, constantly wet areas.

Chile exhibits many of the traits that typically characterize Latin American countries. The temperatures are moderate, with an average of Winter sports are pursued in the Andes near Santiago. Most Chileans live near or on these mountains. Chile also claims a mile offshore limit.

An important source of moisture for supporting plant life, the condensed fog has also been exploited for human benefit. Among them are Copahue, LlaimaOsornoand the highest, Mount Tronadorat an elevation of 11, feet.

This collision of land and sea gives way every so often to lovely beaches of various lengths, some of them encased by the bluffs. Their perfect conical shapes reflecting on the quiet waters in the Lake District provide some of the most splendid scenery in temperate South America.

The numerous lakes in the Lake District of south-central Chile are remnants of the ice melting that began some 17, years ago. At Pan de Azucar, fog collecting nets were, for years, the main source of drinking water in the park; each collector was able to condense about half a gallon of water per cubic meter.

The cold air mass extends to the Andes and, combined with the tall bulk of the cordillera, blocks warm, moist continental air from the east.

The long, narrow central valley is too dry to support permanent plant cover in the north and has been altered by humans in the south to the extent that little natural vegetation remains. Also part of Chile are two notable Pacific possessions-the Juan Fernandez Islands and the famous Easter Island, both of which are administered as national parks.

Except for a military junta that held power from September to Marchthe country has been relatively free of the coups and constitutional suspensions common to many of its neighbours.

The flora of Pan de Azucar includes over species, forty percent of which are drawn from only five plant families: Chile is also a land of extreme natural events: The former, located most characteristically in the near north and the far north natural regions, extend with various shapes from the Andes to the ocean, creating valleys with an east-west direction.

Therefore, geographically, the country can be divided into many different parts. Most of the population lives in the coastal area, where the temperatures are more moderate and the humidity higher.

The capital is Santiago. Each has its own characteristic vegetation, fauna, climate, and, despite the omnipresence of both the Andes and the Pacific, its own distinct topography. The Near North[ edit ] Main article:Chile occupies a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes Mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

Thus, the geography is varied. The government system is a republic; the chief of state and head of government is the president. Political and Objective: the history and origins of gilles tourettes To an introduction to the history and geography of chile find if Earth has always looked the same and to An introduction to the analysis of blood find out what continental drift means Resource 1 an analysis of the ideas on the theory of evolution - Introductory PowerPoint* Resource 2.

Chile: A vinicultural paradise with unique geography Its natural characteristics, united by a varied and unique geography, achieve the perfect combination for the land to offer us wines with diverse and unparalleled flavours.

Geography of Chile

Location, Geography Climate For anyone who has ever been fascinated by geography, the long, impossibly thin line of Chile has always produced a tiny moment of astonishment. Chile stretches over 4, km (2, mi) along the southwestern coast of South America, a distance roughly the same as that from San Francisco to New York.

Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. It extends approximately 2, miles (4, km) from its boundary with Peru, at latitude 17°30′ S, to the tip of South America at Cape Horn, latitude.

An Introduction to the Geography, Climate, and Flora of Chile By: Kathy Musial Kathy Musial is curator of living collections at the Huntington Botanical Gardens where she has worked for more than twenty-five.

An introduction to the history and geography of chile
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