New experiences can then be interpreted through these cognitive skills. Here, an individual examines the support for his or her belief, the alternatives, the implications, and the usefulness of his or her beliefs.
According to Martin Seligman, individuals interpret situations in terms of permanence, pervasiveness, and personalization.
Personalization refers to the focus of the blame. According to Seligman, individuals can learn how to interpret negative events in an optimistic explanatory style, thereby permanently improving the quality of their lives.
People who exhibit optimism are likely to interpret positive events successes as permanent, global, and internal whereas negative events or failures are likely to be interpreted as temporary, specific, and external.
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Research essays in honor of Martin E. The cause of the event may occur in a variety of situations globalor it may be specific to the current event. This examination allows an individual to change his or her normal pessimistic reaction to a reaction that motivates the individual to master the challenges of life.
Learned Optimism Essay Learned Optimism Essay Learned optimism is the acquisition of a set of cognitive beliefs that allow situations to be interpreted in a positive manner. Research has shown that learned optimism reduces depression and can lead to increases in productivity, achievement, health, marital satisfaction, and political victories.
The most effective way to change beliefs is through disputation. Pessimists, on the other hand, believe that the causes of negative events are permanent, global, and internal. Research suggests that individuals with a pessimistic explanatory style who experience negative events are more likely to become depressed than individuals with a more optimistic style.
An event can remain stable across time permanent or change over time temporary. How to change your mind and your life. Research also suggests that optimists are more resilient, more successful at work and at school, and are in better physical health than pessimists.
He states that if individuals can change their maladaptive beliefs, then their ability to cope and their behavior will change. With this approach, an individual can learn to be an optimist by learning a set of cognitive skills that should be implemented when a setback occurs and the cost of failure is low.This item: The Science of Optimism and Hope: Research Essays in Honor of Martin E.P.
Seligman (Laws of Life Symposia Series) Set up a giveaway There's a problem loading this menu right now.4/5(1). Seligman, M.E.P. (). Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment.
New York: Free Press/Simon and Schuster. Recommended Citation. Jane Gillham. (). "The Science Of Optimism And Hope: Research Essays In Honor Of Martin E. P. Seligman". The Science Of Optimism And Hope: Research Essays In Honor Of Martin E. P. Seligman. Martin E. P. Seligman, professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, is one of the world's leading authorities on learned helplessness and its relation to optimism and hope.
He is also the best-selling author of Learned Optimism (Knopf, ). Get this from a library!
The science of optimism and hope: research essays in honor of Martin E.P. Seligman. [Martin E P Seligman; Jane Gillham;] -- Optimism and hope are not random feelings; they can be conscious choices.
Martin E.P. Seligman, professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, is one of the world's leading authorities.
Some researchers, including positive psychologist Martin Seligman, often frame positive thinking in terms of explanatory style. Your explanatory style is how you explain why events happened.Download