Only four minor injuries were attributable to helmet use, and in each case the helmet prevented possible critical or fatal head injury. Weather protection — One important aspect of PPE not mentioned Motorcycle safety research papers is protection from the elements.
Almost half of the fatal accidents show alcohol involvement. The risk of skidding increases if the motorcyclist is braking or changing direction.
The most deadly injuries to the accident victims were injuries to the chest and head. Let us know if you need any revisions and we will do it for you. Competition-approved back and chest protectors can be worn underneath jackets.
Educational programs on safe helmet use could also emphasize teh specific risk of not wearing helmet while riding at lower speeds. Concussion and brain damage, as the head violently contacts other vehicles or objects.
Hurt reviewed the research and declared it "fatally flawed" for exactly the kind of methodology problems seen in the new IIHS report. Boots should always have a rubber sole as opposed to leather or other less flexible materials. For years, in France, legislative measures have been taken to limit the output power of two wheeled vehicles.
Items of PPE[ edit ] A full-face helmet credited for saving its user. Between October and October24 active-duty Marines died from motorcycle accidents. For example, asphalt sealer is used to fill and repair cracks in asphalt paving, but this often creates a slick surface that can cause a motorcycle to lose traction.
The rate for motorcycles is Inflatable airbag jackets can offer an additional airbag for neck support. Motor cycle, helmet, safety.
Accidents that did not result in hospitalization or treatment for a critical injury, or a death, were not considered, nor was there any consideration of involvement of other road users, or culpability.
Half of the injuries to the somatic regions were to the ankle-foot, lower leg, knee, and thigh-upper leg.
That campaign culminated in the introduction of a bill in the U. The report concluded that "in The report did not incorporate key factors, such as the number of miles the bike was ridden, the traffic environment in which it was used, along with the age and experience of the rider, among others. Helmet Use by Motorcyclists in Urban Lagos following Enforcement of Motorcycle Helmet Legislation Even though Nigeria has had a compulsory helmet legislation in place sincehelmet usage rates among motorcyclists has been very poor.
No assessment of the type open or full-face of helmet was undertaken. There were more cases in which the use of dark clothing decreased the conspicuity of the rider and the PTW cases.
The most common breakages are the shoulder and the pelvis. Some include carbon fiber knuckle protection or other forms of rigid padding.
The median pre-crash speed was Such an event could easily cause the rider to lose control and crash. The large displacement motorcycles are underrepresented in accidents but they are associated with higher injury severity when involved in accidents.
Crash bars are not an effective injury countermeasure; the reduction of injury to the ankle-foot is balanced by increase of injury to the thigh-upper leg, knee, and lower leg. The driver of the other vehicles involved in collision with the motorcycle are not distinguished from other accident populations except that the ages of 20 to 29, and beyond 65 are overrepresented.
Motorcycle riders with previous recent traffic citations and accidents are overrepresented in the accident data. Injury severity increases with speed, alcohol involvement and motorcycle size.
There were 4, deaths on motorcycles in the U. In the single vehicle accidents, motorcycle rider error was present as the accident precipitating factor in about two-thirds of the cases, with the typical error being a slide-out and fall due to overbraking or running wide on a curve due to excess speed or lack of side bite.
Conspicuity of the motorcycle is a critical factor in the multiple vehicle accidents, and accident involvement is significantly reduced by the use of motorcycle headlamps-on In daylight and the wearing of high visibility yellow, orange or bright red jackets.
More motorist used their helmet properly in non-residential areas compared to residential areas Observational sites were randomly selected from highway and non-highway roads, within residential and non-residential areas of six local government areas of urban Lagos.
To address the risks of motorcycling, before and after a fall, motorcyclists use personal protective equipment PPE, or more commonly "motorcycle gear". This is due to the fact that most of the braking and steering control are through the front wheel, while power is delivered through the rear wheel.The National Safety Council eliminates preventable deaths at work, in homes and communities, and on the road through leadership, research, education and advocacy.
Donate to our cause. The National Safety Council is a nonprofit, (c)(3) organization.
Motorcycle safety concerns many aspects of vehicle and equipment design as well as operator skill and training that are unique to ("killed or seriously injured") rate among motorcycle riders.
However, research shows that some who undergo advanced skills training are more likely to be at a higher risk while using the roads (Rutter. The Need For Research. Research in Motorcycle Crashes. Conveying Research Information to Users.
There are varying levels of depth for motorcycle crash investigations. The least detailed crash investigation is the retrospective extraction of data from police reports. should share support and leadership for motorcycle safety. Open Document.
Below is an essay on "Motorcycle Safety" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples/5(1). Motorcycle Safety Overview To keep motorcyclists safe, we urge everyone to share the road and be alert, and we're reminding motorcyclists to make themselves visible, to use DOT-compliant motorcycle helmets, and to always ride sober.
Jun 11, · Hey everyone, been a while since I've been on here. Like the title says, I'm doing a research paper on motorcycle awareness. I figured this is where I.Download