Even the father, who shows the least sympathy of the family members toward Gregor and even attacks him twice, never suggests that they kill him or force him out of the house. Gregor gradually behaves more and more like an insect, not only craving different foods than he did when he was human, but also beginning to prefer tight, dark spaces, like the area under his sofa, and enjoying crawling on the walls and ceiling.
Rather, the story and all the members of the Samsa family treat the event as a random occurrence, like catching an illness. Gregor, unable to relinquish his humanity, chooses emotional comfort, leading him to desperately cling to the picture of the woman in furs.
Even Gregor panics only at the thought of getting in trouble at work, not at the realization that he is physically altered, and he makes no efforts to determine what caused the change or how to fix it. When he first gets out of his bed after waking, for instance, he tries to stand upright, even though his body is not suited to being upright.
Themes The Absurdity of Life Beginning with its first sentence, The Metamorphosis deals with an absurd, or wildly irrational, event, which in itself suggests that the story operates in a random, chaotic universe.
He worries instead about commonplace problems, like what makes him feel physically comfortable. In essence, he continues to think with a human mind, but because his body is no longer human, he is unable at first to reconcile these two parts of himself.
Instead, he implicitly shows compassion for Gregor by allowing the family to care for him. Moreover, the fact that Gregor cannot communicate his thoughts and feelings to them leaves them without any connection to his human side, and consequently, they come to see him more and more as an actual insect.
On the contrary, by all evidence Gregor has been a good son and brother, taking a job he dislikes so that he can provide for them and planning to pay for his sister to study music at the conservatory. Their second maid also shows no surprise when she discovers Gregor, and when the boarders staying with the family see Gregor they are mostly upset that Gregor is unclean and disturbs the sense of order they desire in the house.
In fact, the other characters in the story generally treat the metamorphosis as something unusual and disgusting, but not exceptionally horrifying or impossible, and they mostly focusing on adapting to it rather than fleeing from Gregor or trying to cure him.
As Gregor becomes accustomed to his new body, his mind begins to change in accordance with his physical needs and desires. There is no indication that Gregor deserves his fate. Through these details, the story suggests that our physical lives shape and direct our mental lives, not the other way around.
Grete and the mother in particular feel a great deal of sympathy for Gregor after his change, apparently because they suspect some aspect of his humanity remains despite his appearance.
In other words, his mind and body remain opposed to one another. Grete is so upset and revolted by the way he looks that she can hardly stand to be in the room with him, and his mother is so horrified when she sees him as she and Grete are moving his furniture that she faints.
Significantly, it is Grete, the character to show the most sympathy toward Gregor, who decides they must get rid of him. But realizing that his possessions, which represent to him his former life as a human, provide him emotional comfort, he suddenly faces a choice: All these elements together give the story a distinct overtone of absurdity and suggest a universe that functions without any governing system of order and justice.
These unusual reactions contribute to the absurdity of the story, but they also imply that the characters to some degree expect, or at least are not surprised by, absurdity in their world. Gregor initially approves of the idea because it will make his room more comfortable for him physically." Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka Alienation Essay Alienation is the primary theme in Kafka's The Metamorphosis.
The metamorphosis alienation of early twentieth-century literature makes as its basic premise that man is alienated from his fellow humans and forced to work in dehumanizing jobs in order to survive.
Alienation and Humanity in The Metamorphosis Timothy Sexton In his short story "The Metamorphosis" Franz Kafka examines the alienation from society that turns a human being into a bug.
At the same time, he also examines how not being alienated from society and how corroborating with society can turn human beings into lesser life forms. Franz Kafka toys with the theme of alienation throughout the short novella The Metamorphosis, exploring various disciplines of alienation— physical, psychological and social, in reflection of the life of Gregor Samsa.
Gregor's life as a vermin is a metaphor for feelings of alienation and isolation that existed long before his transformation. The devolution of Gregor's room from a human bedroom to a storage closet reflects how his connection to. Beginning with its first sentence, The Metamorphosis deals with an absurd, or wildly irrational, event, which in itself suggests that the story operates in a random, chaotic universe.
The absurd event is Gregor’s waking up to discover he has turned into a giant insect, and since it’s so far beyond the boundaries of a natural occurrence—it’s not just. Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis is a story about what happens after Gregor Samsa becomes an insect overnight.
One of the main themes of the story is isolation. After this remarkable metamorphosis, Gregor begins to feel alienated from his family.Download